On the night of Sunday, March 26, the clock will move forward one hour from 2:00 to 3:00, and the Czech Republic will switch from winter time to summer time. The opposite change will occur at the end of October.
Daylight Saving Time is in effect in most European countries. The exceptions are Iceland, Russia, Belarus, part of Greenland, the Norwegian islands of Jan Mayen and Svalbard. At the moment of transfer, buses and trains stop for an hour or continue moving and arrive an hour earlier. It depends on the carrier.
Unlike winter time, which is astronomical, summer time is an invention, was introduced to save energy. Already at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, people thought that if they went to bed an hour earlier, they would save energy. The idea became a reality during the First World War. The Czech Republic, as part of Austria-Hungary, was one of the first countries to adopt daylight saving time.
The time changes have been modified and modified several times. In 1919, for example, in the USA it was canceled, because. people resented getting up and going to bed earlier. In Russia, the clock has advanced three hours. Then from 1940 to 1942 daylight saving time was used continuously in the Czech lands.
Yearly summer time was introduced in Czechoslovakia in 1979. After several years of operation, a rule was established according to which the last weekend of March on the night from Saturday to Sunday. Back then, daylight saving time only applied until September. Until October, it began to be applied only from 1996. This change was implemented throughout the European Union and the Czech Republic adapted to it.
Time change has long been the object of criticism
Daylight Savings Time has been criticized by many experts. The energy conservation for which it was introduced is said to be controversial. According to the findings of Pražská energetika, this persistence only around the equinox, even then it is only one percent. The rest of the months are not.
The Austrian Association of Entrepreneurs in the Energy Industry claims the same, according to which Daylight saving time has not brought energy savings for several years, but vice versa leads to increased fuel consumption. In addition, outdoor activities, both work and leisure, can be done for longer. And this is according to a study by the US state of India. leads to an increase in energy costs – for lighting and air conditioning.
Another argument against is health problems. Physicians and psychologists agree that it takes a long time for people to get used to waking up an hour earlier, and then they become less productive and less attentive. This is confirmed by the data, according to which there are more accidents in the days after the transition to daylight saving time.