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All Portuguese-speaking countries have reduced child mortality over the past 30 years.

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approximately five million children died before their fifth birthday

IRHAM/EPA MAST

approximately five million children died before their fifth birthday

IRHAM/EPA MAST

All Portuguese-speaking countries have reduced child mortality over the past 30 years, but some of them are still contributing to current trends that will culminate in the death of 48 million children under the age of five by 2030, the UN points out.

The Child Mortality Levels and Trends report prepared by several international organizations (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank Group and the United Nations) indicates that every 4.4 seconds a child or young person dies in 2021.

This document of the United Nations Interagency Group on Infant Mortality Estimation (IGME/UN) includes data from the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP) countries: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea. , Mozambique, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe and Timor-Leste.

All of these countries have improved their key indicators related to child mortality over the past three decades.

In Angola, the under-five mortality rate was 223 per 1,000 births in 1990, falling to 204 in 2000 and 71 in 2020.

In this African country 125,000 children under the age of five died in 1990, 153,000 in 2000 and 91,000 in 2020

The infant mortality rate was 132 per 1,000 births in 1990 and 48 per 1,000 births in 2020. Infant mortality increased from 76,000 (1990) to 62,000 in 2020.

As for the neonatal mortality rate, it was 54 per thousand births in 1990, 50 in 2000 and 27 in 2020. There was no decrease in neonatal mortality, which was 32,000 in 1990, increased to 40,000 in 2000 and reached 36,000 in 2020

Rates improved in Brazil, where the under-five mortality rate was 63 per 1,000 births in 1990, 35 in 2000 and 15 in 2020.

The number of children under the age of five who died in 1990 was 234,000 in 1990, 122,000 in 2000 and 42,000 twenty years later.

Brazil had an infant mortality rate of 53 per thousand births in 1990 and 13 per thousand births in 2020.

In this Portuguese-speaking country, infant mortality has dropped from 194,000 in 1990 to 38,000 in 2020.

The neonatal mortality rate was 25 per thousand births in 1990, 19 in 2000 and nine in 2020, with neonatal mortality reaching 94,000 (1990), 65,000 (2000) and 25,000 (2020). .).

In Cape Verde, the under-five mortality rate per thousand births was 60 in 1990, 38 in 2000 and 14 in 2020. In 1990, there were 1,000 under-five deaths, and in subsequent decades, no deaths were recorded.

The infant mortality rate (per thousand births) was 47 in 1990 and 12 30 years later. The number of infant deaths, which was 1,000 in 1990, has dropped to zero in 2020.

The neonatal mortality rate was 20 per thousand births in 1990, 18 in 2000 and 9 in 2020. No neonatal deaths were identified in these periods in the document.

In Guinea-Bissau, the under-five mortality rate was 222 (per 1,000 births) in 1990, 174 in 2000 and 77 in 2020.

Before the fifth anniversary, 10,000 died in 1990, 8,000 in 2000 and 5,000 in 2020.

In this country, the infant mortality rate (per thousand births) was 131 in 1990 and 51 in 2020. There were 6,000 infant deaths in 1990 and 3,000 in 2020.

As for the neonatal mortality rate, it was 64 per thousand births in 1990, 55 in 2000 and 35 in 2020. Neonatal mortality reached 3000 in 1990, the same in 2000, and in 2020 – 2000.

In Equatorial Guinea, the last country to join the CPLP.the under-five mortality rate was 178 (per 1,000 births) in 1990, 156 in 2000 and 78 in 2020.

Under-five deaths reached 3,000 in 1990, rose to 4,000 in 2000, and dropped again to 3,000 in 2020.

The infant mortality rate per thousand births in Equatorial Guinea was 121 in 1990 and 58 in 2020, while the infant mortality rate was 2000 in 1990 and 3000 three decades later.

The neonatal mortality rate was 48 per thousand births in 1990, 44 in 2000 and 29 in 2020. The number of neonatal deaths was the same in three periods: 1000.

In 1990, Mozambique had a mortality rate of less than five years per thousand births out of 245 people, which fell to 170 in 2000 and to 71 in 2020.

There were 142,000 child deaths in 1990, 128,000 in 2000 and 79,000 in 2020.

The infant mortality rate (per thousand births) in Mozambique was 163 in 1990 and 53 30 years later. The number of child deaths has dropped from 95,000 in 1990 to 60,000 in 2020.

The neonatal mortality rate was 63 per thousand births in 1990, 47 in 2000 and 28 in 2020, while neonatal mortality in those years was 38,000, 37,000 and 33,000, respectively.

Portugal recorded an under-five mortality rate of 15 per 1,000 births in 1990, a rate that has dropped to seven in 2000 and three in 2020.

In this country, 2,000 children under the age of five died in 1990, 1000 in 2000 and none in 2020

The infant mortality rate has risen from 12 per 1,000 births in 1990 to three per 1,000 births in 2020. Infant mortality, which was 1,000 in 1990, was zero in 2020.

As for the neonatal mortality rate, it was seven per thousand births in 1990, three in 2000 and two in 2020. Neonatal mortality was 1000 in 1990 and has not been recorded again in subsequent decades.

In Sao Tome and Principe, the under-five mortality rate was 108 per thousand births in 1990, the rate has fallen to 82 in 2000 and to 16 in 2020.

The report does not include deaths under five years of age.

The infant mortality rate in this African country was 69 per thousand births in 1990 and 13 per thousand births in 2020.

As for the neonatal mortality rate, it was 26 per thousand births in 1990, 22 in 2000 and 8 in 2020. Neonatal mortality is not reported for these three dates.

In 1990, Timor-Leste had an under-five mortality rate of 175 per 1,000 births, a rate that has dropped to 108 in 2000 and 42 in 2020.

In this country, 5,000 children under the age of five died in 1990, 4,000 in 2000 and 2,000 in 2020.

The infant mortality rate was 132 per thousand births in 1990 and 37 in 2020. Infant mortality increased from 4,000 (1990) to 1,000 in 2020.

As for the neonatal mortality rate, it was 57 per thousand births in 1990, 38 in 2000 and 19 in 2020. The neonatal mortality also decreased from 2000 in 1990 to 1000 in 2000, maintaining this value in 2020

According to the report, approximately five million children died before their fifth birthday and another 2.1 million children and young people aged 5 to 24 died in 2021.

Source: Observador

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